Two new crimson seaweed species found from West, South-East coast

BATHINDA: Marine biologists from Central College of Punjab have found two new native species of marine algae, additionally known as seaweeds, from the coasts of Gujarat, Diu and Tamil Nadu. The species are named Hypnea indica and Hypnea bullata. The species Hypnea indica – named in order a tribute to the country- has been found from Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu, Somnath Pathan and Sivrajpur in Gujarat. Hypnea bullata – named due to bullate (like blisters) characteristic of the seaweed morphology- is found from Kanyakumari and Diu island of Daman and Diu (UT). The analysis crew encompassing doctorate scholar Pushpendu Kundu and his supervisor Affiliate Professor Felix Bast used an strategy combining morphology-based conventional methods with DNA Sequence-based trendy instruments for formalizing the species discovery.

These newly found seaweeds are economically vital as a result of species of Hypnea are recognized to comprise Carrageenan, an vital biomolecule (a dietary fiber) used extensively in meals trade. As these two species are discovered on each West and South-East coasts, the invention opens up new vistas for the industrial cultivation of those two species, that would very properly assist the coastal communities as a supply of their livelihood. Whereas India has one of many longest coastlines on the earth with greater than 7500 kilometers, seaweed cultivation and processing principally stays an untapped useful resource. The governments too have highlighted the significance of seaweeds and a risk of seaweed farming as a income generator for nation’s financial system. Not too long ago seaweed extracts and seaweed-based bio stimulants had been included within the fertilizer management order (FCO) in India by means of a notification.

Newly discovered species Hypnea Indica and Hypnea Bullata

Newly found species Hypnea Indica and Hypnea Bullata.

This group from Division of Botany at Central College had previously found three different seaweed species from Indian shoreline (Ulva paschima, Cladophora goensis, and Ulva uniseriata).

“It has been estimated that the planet earth has 1 trillion species of residing organisms, out of which we all know merely 1.2 million until date. Discovering new species like that is vital not just for the characterization of the biodiversity of earth, but additionally the truth that the financial utilization may stay to be invented by future generations. As naturally occurring residing organisms can’t be patented in India, species discoveries like that is an identical course of. These newly found species, like different Hypnea species, has intensive calcareous deposits on its physique. A number of latest research have proven that algae with calcareous mineral deposits are inclined for the harm from Ocean Acidification, an aftermath of local weather change. As Carbon Dioxide within the ambiance will get dissolved in ocean waters, the seawater turns into extra acidic. As a result of the algae like Hypnea can not survive in acidic seawater, the one method to assist these species is to scale back atmospheric CO2 ranges by adopting sustainable life-style decisions”, stated Felix Bast.

The paper describing the invention has been accepted for publication within the main worldwide journal in marine botany, Botanica Marina.

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