In response to the dictionary, lockdown is outlined as “the imposition of stringent restrictions on journey, social interplay, and entry to public areas”.
“Our lexicographers selected lockdown as Phrase of the Yr as a result of it’s a unifying expertise for billions of individuals internationally, who’ve had, collectively, to play their half in combating the unfold of COVID-19,” Collins stated.
“Language is a mirrored image of the world round us and 2020 has been dominated by the worldwide pandemic,” stated Helen Newstead, language content material advisor at Collins.
“Lockdown has affected the best way we work, examine, store, and socialise. With many nations getting into a second lockdown, it’s not a phrase of the yr to have a good time however it’s, maybe, one which sums up the yr for a lot of the world,” she stated.
The dictionary stated it registered over 1 / 4 of 1,000,000 usages of the phrase lockdown throughout 2020, in opposition to solely 4,000 the earlier yr.
A number of different phrases associated to the pandemic are included in Collins’ lengthy checklist of the highest 10 phrases of the yr, which embrace furlough or the non permanent laying-off of workers, normally as a result of there is not ample work to make use of them, and self-isolate, or to quarantine oneself if one has or suspects contagious illness.
The phrase coronavirus is there too, with a rare 35,000-fold improve in use year-on-year, and outlined as any of the group of viruses that trigger infectious sicknesses of the respiratory tract, together with Covid-19. However the social impacts – the adjustments to behavior and the human lifestyle – dominate the checklist for the yr.
“The restrictions positioned on how we transfer about and work together with each other arguably had probably the most impression. They usually’re represented firstly by social distancing, an idea now so pervasive that it has additionally entered the language as a verb ‘to socially distance’,” Collins notes.
Nevertheless, the dictionary factors out that 2020 was not all concerning the pandemic.
Megxit, or Prince Harry and spouse Meghan Meghan’s choice to face down as senior members of the UK royal household, was amongst a few of the different high phrases of the yr.
BLM or Black Lives Matter, the massive international anti-racism motion, was one of many different key phrases. And, on a lighter notice, there may be the phrase “mukbang” all the best way from Korea, which implies a video or webcast by which the host noisily eats a big amount of meals for the leisure of viewers.