The quantity to be borrowed will likely be handed on to the states as a back-to-back mortgage in lieu of GST compensation cess releases, the ministry mentioned in an official assertion.
The choice comes after the GST Council failed to succeed in a consensus on the Centre’s proposal of states borrowing towards future GST collections to make up for the shortfall.
“Underneath the particular window, the estimated shortfall of Rs 1.1 lakh crore (assuming all states be part of) will likely be borrowed by authorities of India in acceptable tranches,” the ministry mentioned.
Underneath option-I states have been to be offered a particular window of borrowing of Rs 1.1 lakh crore, and over and above that, an authorisation for extra open market borrowings of 0.5 per cent of their GSDP (gross state home product).
As well as, states are additionally eligible to hold ahead their unutilised borrowing house to the following monetary 12 months.
A slowdown within the financial system since final fiscal has resulted in a drop in GST collections, upsetting the budgets of states which had given up their proper to levy native taxes resembling gross sales tax or VAT when GST was launched in July 2017.
The Centre had in August given two choices to the states — to borrow both Rs 97,000 crore from a particular window facilitated by the Reserve Financial institution of India (RBI) or Rs 2.35 lakh crore from the market. It had additionally proposed extending the compensation cess levied on luxurious, demerit and sin items past 2022 to repay the borrowing.
Nonetheless, some opposition states have been at loggerheads with the Centre over the compensation challenge.
The ministry additional famous that Centre’s borrowing won’t have any impression on fiscal deficit. The quantities will likely be mirrored as capital receipts of the state governments and as a part of financing of its respective fiscal deficits. It should additionally keep away from differential charges of curiosity that particular person states could also be charged for his or her respective SDLs, it mentioned.
“The states that get the profit from the particular window are more likely to borrow a significantly lesser quantity from the extra borrowing facility of two per cent of GSDP (from three per cent to five per cent) beneath the Aatmanirbhar Bundle,” the assertion mentioned.
After the GST assembly on Monday, finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman had mentioned the Centre can not borrow and pay states for the shortfall as it could result in rise in bond yields, leading to rise in borrowing prices for the federal government and the non-public sector.
“If there are states which wish to borrow we’ll facilitate and I’ve additionally saved utterly the choice open for states to return and discuss. If they’ve any questions, I prepared to interact with them,” she had mentioned.
Earlier this week, the finance ministry had acknowledged that 21 states have accepted one of many two borrowing choices advised by the Centre.
(With company inputs)